Minggu, 23 Januari 2011

Gunung Leuser National Park as conservation and Research Park

Gunung Leuser National Park, commonly abbreviated as TNGL is one of Indonesia's Natural Conservation Area covering an area of 1,094,692 hectares which are located in two administrative province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and North Sumatra. NAD Province terdeliniasi TNGL include Southwest Aceh District, Aceh Selatan, Aceh Singkil, Southeast Aceh, Gayo Lues, Aceh Tamiang, while North Sumatra Province which includes TNGL terdeliniasi Dairi, Karo and Langkat. This national park takes its name from the towering Gunung Leuser with a height of 3404 meters above sea level in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. This national park includes native ecosystems from coast to high mountains covered by tropical rain forests typical dense, managed by the zoning system is utilized for the purpose of research, science, education, support aquaculture, tourism, and recreation. Gunung Leuser National Park has 3 (three) functions, namely: a. protection of life support systems; b. preserving species diversity of plants and animals and their ecosystems; c. sustainable use of biological resources and ecosystems. Formal judicial existence of Gunung Leuser National Park for the first time stated in the announcement of the Minister of Agriculture Number: 811/Kpts/Um/II/1980 March 6, 1980 on the inauguration of five (5) National Parks in Indonesia, namely; TN.Gunung Leuser, TN . Ujung Kulon, TN. Gede Pangrango, TN. Baluran, and TN. Komodo. Based on the announcement of the Minister of Agriculture, the area designated TN. Gunung Leuser National Park is 792,675 ha. The announcement was followed up by the Ministry of Agriculture Directorate General of Forestry Letter Number: 719/Dj/VII/1/80, dated March 7, 1980, addressed to the Sub Hall KPA Gunung Leuser. In the letter stated that granting the status of management authority TN. Gunung Leuser to the Sub Hall KPA Gunung Leuser. As the basic legality in conjunction with the inauguration of the forest area has been issued Ministerial Decree No. 276/Kpts-II/1997 on the appointment of TN. Gunung Leuser area of 1,094,692 hectares located in the province of Aceh and North Sumatra. The decision stated that the TN. Gunung Leuser National Park consists of a combination of:
1. Gunung Leuser Wildlife Reserve: 416,500 ha
    
2. Wildlife Kluet: 20,000 hectares
    
3. Wildlife West Langkat: 51,000 hectares
    
4. Wildlife South Langkat: 82,985 hectares
    
5. Wildlife Sekundur: 60,600 hectares
    
6. Wildlife Kappi: 142,800 hectares
    
7. Gurah Park: 9200 hectares
    
8. Forest Protection and Limited Production Forest: 292,707 hectares
Accordance with the Regulation of the Minister of Forestry Number: P.03/Menhut-II/2007, TNGL is currently the manager of Technical Implementation Unit (UPT), Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (DG Protection and Nature Conservation), Ministry of Forestry is the Great Hall of the Gunung Leuser National Park (BBTNGL) led by the Head of the Center (second echelon). One of the Objects and Nature Tourism Attractions (ODTWA) famous in the region is TNGL Sumatran Orangutan Observation Centre - Bukit Lawang in Natural Area Tourism Bukit Lawang - Bohorok, Langkat Regency, North Sumatra. The other hand, this national park also received attention due to rampant illegal logging case in some locations that violates the reservation environment. Most TNGL region has steep topography and soil structure and texture that are vulnerable to landslides. This was proven when the flash flood that destroyed the tourist area of Bukit Lawang nature 'll for some years now the Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL) has been used as a research park flora and fauna as in Ketambe Southeast Aceh and South Aceh in Suak starfruit already can accommodate labor as a companion and assistant research for foreign students who do research for their theses and dissertations. in 2010, yesterday there were some foreign students do research from several universities from Western countries, such as: the Netherlands, Sweden, Britain and other western countries.

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